The Cassville Afair Day 1, May 18th, 1864

May 18th, 1864.  General Johnston decided it was time to make another stand and decided to set a trap for General Sherman at Cassville.  General Johnston sent Hardee’s Corps from Adairsville south toward Kingston along the main road.  He sent all the supply wagon and ambulances down the main road to Kingston as well.  This was the bait for the trap.  They left an obvious sign that a large number men and material had traveled in the direction of Kingston.  Johnston then sent Polk’s and Hood’s Corps on a less traveled road toward Cassville.

When Sherman arrived in Adairsville, he fell for the bait and believed that the majority of the Confederate Army had moved toward Kingston.  Sherman then ordered Thomas’s Army of the Cumberland to follow the main road to Kingston and sent McPherson’s Army of the Tennessee on another flanking movement that would take him past Barnsley Gardens.  Schofield’s Corps was sent toward Cassville with Hooker’s Corps following along Schofield’s right and slightly behind.

Johnston learned of Sherman splitting his forces and prepared to spring the trap on the next morning at Cassville.
The creek in Oothkalooga Valley.  Johnston had intended to make a stand here but later thought the terrain was not to his advantages and thus moved on to find more favorable ground in Cassville.
The Federal 4th and 14th Corps moved south along this road in pursuit of the Confederates as they retreated from Resaca.  About two miles south along the road, Confederate soldiers in Cheatham’s Division, fought a sharp rear guard action near the Saxon House and delayed the Federal advance giving the Confederate supply wagons to move further south.
Site of the Saxon House where elements of Cheatham’s Division fought a rear guard action against the advance Federals.

Author: Clint Brownlee

My name is Clint Brownlee and I am a Photographer in Woodstock, Georgia with over 20 years of photographic experience in many different aspects of photography. I have photographed everything from weddings, special events and portraits to published materials, but my passion has always been Fine Art and Nature Photography. I have had a several shows at the Mason Murer Fine Art Gallery in Atlanta, Georgia and The Roswell Visual Arts Center in Roswell, Georgia. I now sell through my website:

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