July 27th, 1864

July 27th, 1864:

After the death of General McPherson during the Battle of Atlanta, General Logan assumed command during the battle and retained it for several days while General Sherman decided who should replace McPherson.  Sherman, being a graduate of Westpoint, had a certain disdain for political Generals like Logan, and did not trust them to follow orders properly and promptly as they were on the field of battle for political gain.  With these thoughts in mind and after consulting with General Thomas of the Army of the Cumberland, Sherman chose General O.O. Howard to command the Army of the Tennessee as McPherson’s successor.  General Hooker is so offended and outraged that he was not given command of the Army of the Tennessee, the he resigns his commission and leaves the Army.  Howard assumed command on the 27th of July and his order of the day was to shift the Army of the Tennessee from the east side of Atlanta near Decatur, to the west side of Atlanta by moving to the north and around the top of the city.  His ultimate objective is to move on Eastpoint and destroy the railroad.

Sherman has Cavalry units dismount and fill the lines of Howard’s army as they began to pull out.  He also ordered infantry units along the line to skirmish heavily with the Confederates in the cities defensive lines in hopes of screening Howard’s move.  Sherman was attempting to flank Hood out of the city and draw him into a fight or cut off Hood’s supply line from the railroad to Macon and the railroad to Westpoint.

Stoneman’s and McCook’s Cavalry were sent on a raid to destroy the railroads while the Army of the Tennessee was moving into place.  Stoneman went south out of Decatur and McCook moved southwest  from Turner’s Ferry.  McCook and Stoneman were scheduled to meet at Love Joy’s Station on the 28th to destroy the railroad.  McCook went southwest along the west bank of the Chattahoochee and crossing on pontoon bridges at Smiths Ferry, about 6 miles south of Campbellton.  He moves on toward the east and in Palmetto he destroys several miles of track, burns the depot and then moves towards the east again in the direction of Fayetteville.  Along the Fayetteville road the come across a Confederate wagon train.  They take about 300 prisoners and burn nearly 500 wagons.  They also kill almost 1000 mules with their sabers to keep the sound of gunfire from giving away their location.

By mid to late morning, Hood is aware of the Federals movements.  He sends Wheelers Cavalry to intercept and destroy the Union Cavalry.  Wheeler surrounds Garrard’s Cavalry at Flat Rock where they skirmish and Garrard falls back towards Lithonia.  Hood then learns of McCook’s raid and Wheeler is sent to intercept him.  Having detected the movements of Howard’s Army of the Tennesse, Hood sends General Stephen D. Lee’s Corps and A.P. Stewart’s Corps to extend the Confederate left flank out of Atlanta in an attempt to block the Federal move toward East Point.  S.D. Lee is now the commander of Hood’s former Corps.

_DSC0032.bw
The Bullard Henley House, located west of the Chattahoochee River on Hwy. 92 near Hwy 166, was built in the late 1830’s.  As McCook moved his column south toward Campbelton, he engaged in a short firefight on the Bullard Plantation.  One of the Federal soldiers died and is buried behind the house.  General McCook established his headquarters here for the night.  McCook, along with his officers, enjoyed a meal prepared by Mrs. Bullard.  In the evening, the daughter of Mrs. Bullard, played the family piano to entertain the officers.  The officers made multiple request for Yankee Doodle, but she refused to play it and would play Dixie instead.  After several rounds of this, the General made a deal that he would sing Dixie while she played as long as she would play Yankee Doodle after.
_DSC0056.bw
Smith’s Ferry road.  After meeting resistance at the river crossing in Campbellton, McCook moved six miles south to Smith’s Ferry.  This dirt road is an original portion of the period road that McCooks cavalry traveled upon.  At the end of the road is the original Ferry Masters house and is still occupied as a private residence. 
_DSC0110.bw
On the east side of the Chattahoochee at Cedar Grove Rd. and River Lake Dr.  After Crossing the river at Smith’s Ferry, McCook east along this road that was once the other half of Smith’s Ferry Rd.  They then turned to the south, camera left, and rode through Rico to Palmetto.
_DSC0224.bw
The Railroad in Palmetto.  Here, McCook destroyed six miles of track and burned the depot along with supplies and they cut the telegraph lines as well. 
Advertisements

Author: Clint Brownlee

My name is Clint Brownlee and I am a Photographer in Woodstock, Georgia with over 20 years of photographic experience in many different aspects of photography. I have photographed everything from weddings, special events and portraits to published materials, but my passion has always been Fine Art and Nature Photography. I have had a several shows at the Mason Murer Fine Art Gallery in Atlanta, Georgia and The Roswell Visual Arts Center in Roswell, Georgia. I now sell through my website: www.clintbrownleephotography.com

2 thoughts on “July 27th, 1864”

  1. Thank you for this very interesting article. I have pasted th Bullard House many times. Also my great great grandfather was Milton Brownlee.

    Like

    1. Thank you for the kind comments. Milton is my 4th Great Uncle. He along with three of his brothers fought in the Atlanta Campaign. Milton was wounded in the arm at the Battle of Resaca. My dad, Harry Brownlee has the complete family history if you are interested you can send me your email address and I can send you all the info on Milton’s family tree that we have.

      Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s