Day 4 of Photography is Done!

    And what a day it was.  I made it Adairsville just before 8:00am and began making images just north of town at the site of the Saxon House.  From Adiarsville I traveled south on U.S. 41 to Cassville.  I made images at numerous places here.  I photographed several churches that were used as hospitals or stables by both Armies at different times.  I also made images in the Historic Cassville Cemetery.  It was a cool old cemetery.  From the cemetery I was able to make images of the locations of the ridge lines that held both the Federal lines on the west the Confederate lines on the east. 
     From Cassville I traveled south on U.S. 41 into Cartersville.  Here, I made images of the Train Depot.  It was used as cover by elements of the Confederate Army as the fought a rear guard action during their retreat across the Etowah River.  They knocked out bricks in the walls to make shooting ports.  It was damaged by Federal Artillery and later abandoned when the rear guard retreated across the river. 
     From Cartersville I moved south west towards Euharlee, where elements of the Union Army crossed Euharlee Creek via a covered bridge.  I made images of the bridge, which was built in the late 1800’s, to replace the one burned during the Civil War.  I also went through Stilesboro and made images of Stilesboro Academy.  I was also able to make images of Plant Bowen, which sits about half way between Euharlee and the Stilesboro Academy and was along the path taken by elements of the Federal Army.  The Army passed by the Academy and used some of the benches as feed troughs for their horses.
     I left the Stilesboro Academy and made my way back towards Cartersville and took U.S. 41 south to the Etowah River.  On the north bank of the river, on the east side of U.S. 41, is an old abandoned plant for mineral production.  On the hill behind the plant was a Federal Fort.  It overlooked the Western and Atlantic Railroad as it crossed the Etowah River.  I was granted permission by the company that owns the property to make images there.  I was attempting to recreate a period image made by George Barnard.  The climb up the hill was tough.  It was covered with poison ivy, briars, and “Devil’s Walking Stick”.  Not to mention all the other undergrowth.  I made it to the top of the hill and found the remnants of the old Federal Fort.  I am 90% sure I found the spot the images was made.  The only problem is all the trees and undergrowth obscured the view.  I made the image anyway as well as other images of the remains of the fort.  I hiked down the back side of the hill that appeared less steep,  but it was even more difficult due to being overgrown.  It was the most difficult terrain I have ever gone through to make an image.  Looking forward to next week.  Lots of action at New Hope Church, Pickett’s Mill, and Dallas.

150 Years Ago Today: Confederate Crossing of the Etowah River

May 20th, 1864:  General Johnston and the Confederate Army withdrew from Cassville and on the evening and night of the 20th they crossed the Etowah River and began heading in the direction of Allatoona Pass.  General Sherman decided to rest his army and they stayed on the north side of the river for the next three days, where they were resting and restocking supplies. 
     Having traveled through this area as a young officer, General Sherman knew the dangers of approaching the Confederate Army, at the heavily fortified Allatoona Pass.  He formulated a plan to leave his railroad supply line and move southwest toward Dallas and try to out flank Johnston and take Marietta before the Confederate Army could get there. 

150 Years Ago Today: Confrontation at Cassville

     May 19th, 1864.  General Johnston knew that Sherman had taken the bait and that General Schofield’s Corps was moving toward Cassville.  Johnston deployed Polk’s Corps across the road that Schofield was traveling and deployed Hood along what would be Schofield’s left flank.  At some point in the morning, Union Cavalry, that was attempting to damage the railroad, came across the end of Hood’s Line and attacked.  The numbers of soldiers involved were small, but it was enough of a surprise for Hood that he reformed his lines to meet what he thought was a threat and all but abandoned the attack on Schofield.  Johnston eventually ordered Polk and Hood to fall back and reform on a ridge about a mile away.  The Union Army formed a line in the area that the Confederates had just moved from.  They now stood facing each other with the village of Cassville between them approximately at the center of the lines.  During the evening, Hood and Polk called for a meeting with Johnston to discuss what they thought would be their inability to hold their lines, due to the position of the Federal Artillery.  It would induce and enfilading fire on their lines and there was not a sufficient amount of cover.  Johnston relented to their argument, even though he did not agree.  He order a retreat and the next day they were across the Etowah River.

150 Years Ago Today: The Cassville Affair, Day 1

     May 18th, 1864.  General Johnston decided it was time to make another stand and decided to set a trap for General Sherman at Cassville.  General Johnston sent Hardee’s Corps from Adairsville south toward Kingston along the main road.  He sent all the supply wagon and ambulances down the main road to Kingston as well.  This was the bait for the trap.  They left an obvious sign that a large number men and material had traveled in the direction of Kingston.  Johnston then sent Polk’s and Hood’s Corps on a less traveled road toward Cassville. 
     When Sherman arrived in Adairsville, he fell for the bait and believed that the majority of the Confederate Army had moved toward Kingston.  Sherman then ordered Thomas’s Army of the Cumberland to follow the main road to Kingston and sent McPherson’s Army of the Tennessee on another flanking movement that would take him past Barnsley Gardens.  Schofield’s Corps was sent toward Cassville with Hooker’s Corps following along Schofield’s right and slightly behind. 
     Johnston learned of Sherman splitting his forces and prepared to spring the trap on the next morning at Cassville.