July 5th, 1864

July 5th, 1864

In the early morning hours, General Johnston and the Army of Tennessee, retreat from the Smyrna Line and fell back to the last line of previously prepared fortifications before the Chattahoochee River.  Known as the River Line, it was conceived and constructed by Brigadier General Francis Asbury Shoup, Chief of Artillery for the Army of Tennessee.  The River Line had a new style of fortification in the line, they were called a Shoupade.  They were diamond shaped forts built with two of the angles sticking out ahead of the line.  The Shoupades were placed anywhere from 60 to 175 yards apart depending on the terrain and were connected by earthworks that intersected the Shoupade roughly in the center.  The angled section in front of the line from two adjoining Shoupades, allowed for a crossfire on an advancing enemy.  Each Shoupade could hold 80 soldiers shoulder to shoulder.  They were also constructed to withstand an extended artillery barrage.  The Confederates occupied this line until the night of July the 9th, when the retreated across the river.

These images are from the northern half of the river line.  Tomorrow I will post images from the southern half of the river line.

Looking at the inside of one of the best preserved of the remaining Shoupades.  This one now sits hidden in the woods and covered with English Ivy just a stones through away from a major expressway.


Shoupade Park, Cobb County.  Remnants of one of two Shoupades in the park.  There are also remnants of an artillery battery.
The second Shoupade at Shoupade park fenced off and covered with brush, but you can still see its size and shape.
A child’s tree house now stands guard over the remains of a large Confederate artillery battery located near the northern end of the River Line.
The crossed the Atlanta Road at this point.  Atlanta road, the road passing from the left to right of the image, is a period road that is still in use today.
The Confederates River Line crossed the railroad tracks here along the high ground at this railroad cut.
River Line Park, Cobb County.  The remains of a Shoupade are fenced off and still visible and protected in this park with ball fields and walking trails.

Author: Clint Brownlee

My name is Clint Brownlee and I am a Photographer in Woodstock, Georgia with over 20 years of photographic experience in many different aspects of photography. I have photographed everything from weddings, special events and portraits to published materials, but my passion has always been Fine Art and Nature Photography. I have had a several shows at the Mason Murer Fine Art Gallery in Atlanta, Georgia and The Roswell Visual Arts Center in Roswell, Georgia. I now sell through my website: www.clintbrownleephotography.com

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