Late September 1864

Late September 1864:

Sherman has fortified Atlanta extensively and has started to build up supplies and rest his troops.  The Confederates are not sitting idle, and Hood has ordered all the Federal prisoners kept at Andersonville to be moved to different prisons out of the reach of Sherman’s forces.  Hood then shifts his Army from Love Joy’s Station to Palmetto, which lies along the railroad to West Point and further into Alabama.  Hood is resting his troops, building up supplies and making plans for a move to the north to attack Sherman’s supply line.

Confederate President Davis arrives in Palmetto on September 25th.  The next morning he begins a review of the troops and is greeted with silence, not cheers for their President.  A few soldiers yell out to the President asking for General Johnston to be place back in command, but these remarks fall upon deaf ears.  Bringing Johnston back would be like admitting that he made a mistake in removing him.

On the 27th, Davis meets will Hood and all his Corps Commanders and some of the Divisional Commanders.  A great deal is discussed including a plan to strike Sherman’s supply and communications lines north of Atlanta, there by cutting him off and forcing him to retreat back to Tennessee, all the while being engaged by Hood.  Hood then thinks he can move on the Federals in Tennessee and turn the tide of the war in the western theater and possibly as a whole.  Hood also complains to Davis about General Hardee and blames the loss at Jonesboro on him.  He ask Davis to remove him.  Davis agrees and Hardee readily accepts the offer to command the coastal defenses of Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida.  Hardee is relieved to be out from under Hood’s command.  On the 28th, Hood receives word from Davis that he may move forward with his plans to on North.

On September 29th and 30th, the Confederate Army of Tennessee begins their next march and crosses the Chattahoochee River near Palmetto and Campbellton with about 40,000 troops.  By late in the evening of October 1st, Hoods army has moved about 8 miles from the river crossing in the direction of Marietta.  Sherman, who had anticipated this move to the north by Hood a week earlier, had already sent troops to Rome and Chattanooga to help protect those areas from the threat of Hood and from the threat of General Nathan Bedford Forrest, who cavalry that has started operating in the northern part of Alabama and into Tennessee.

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President Davis arrived by train along these tracks after having to take a route that went well south of Atlanta and then back north a short distance to Palmetto. Looking sout along the railroad tracks in Palmetto with the post war train depot in view.
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Once the Palmetto Stage Coach House, this building now serves as Barfield’s Law Office. It was here that President Davis meet with General Hood and his Corps Commanders as they made plans to disrupt Sherman’s Supply chain in an effort to force him out of Atlanta.
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The Weaver House (also called the Wilson House), located on Hearn Rd. west of Palmetto, was a plantation where the Confederate Army purchased 44 bushels of corn.  This home was built in the mid 1850’s and is still occupied today.  The original two story front porch has been removed and replaced by the full height porch roof.
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On their way to cross the Chattahoochee River, the Confederates passed by the Redwine Plantation that was built in 1840.  Located west of Palmetto at Hutchesons Ferry Rd. and Hwy. 70.  This home served as a significant landmark in the area.
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Confederate troops marched down this road to Phillips Ferry (later operated as Hutcheson Ferry).  They crossed the Chattahoochee River here on their way to disrupt the Federal supply lines between Atlanta and Chattanooga. 
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The Phillips House, built around 1840, was home to the Phillips Family who operated the Ferry at the crossing of the Chattahoochee.  Like many antebellum homes, this one has had additions and updates, but the majority of the home is original.
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Author: Clint Brownlee

My name is Clint Brownlee and I am a Photographer in Woodstock, Georgia with over 20 years of photographic experience in many different aspects of photography. I have photographed everything from weddings, special events and portraits to published materials, but my passion has always been Fine Art and Nature Photography. I have had a several shows at the Mason Murer Fine Art Gallery in Atlanta, Georgia and The Roswell Visual Arts Center in Roswell, Georgia. I now sell through my website: www.clintbrownleephotography.com

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